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New Space Tourism Sustainability as an Evolving Concept
New Space Tourism Sustainability as an Evolving Concept
Annette Toivonen
Haaga-Helia University of Applied Sciences, 00520 Helsinki, Finland
Highlights of Sustainability 2023, 2(2), 75–82.
Received: 17 March 2023    Accepted: 5 May 2023    Published: 8 May 2023
This article is part of the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism.
The recent emergence of the tourism sector in the New Space industry, that provides commercial alternatives to publicly funded “Old Space” operations, fits within other societal trends enhanced by technological developments. There are several possible forms of space tourism and, within each, a growing number of competing space tourism ventures will emerge over time. However, whilst the New Space tourism industry is to provide a tourist with new travel experiences, international climate reports urge for more sustainable operations in all global industries. Therefore, climate change preventing solutions must be sought to decrease any unnecessary impacts caused by this new adventure sector of tourism from the beginning. As there are different variables to consider in the formation of future New Space tourism operations and strategies, this paper also illustrates a new framework of “Societal ethics in space tourism”, involving concepts attached to New Space tourism sustainability; environmental actions, global space regulations, cyberspace tourism, and Generation Z values.
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Copyright © 2023 Toivonen. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use and distribution provided that the original work is properly cited.
Cite this Article
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