Article    Peer-Reviewed

Economic Development, Industrialization, and Poverty Eradication: A Benchmarking Analysis of Developing, Emerging, and Developed Countries

Afonso Delgado 1, Paulo Caldas 2,3,4,* and Miguel Varela 2,5
Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
Business and Economic School, Instituto Superior de Gestão, Av. Mal. Craveiro Lopes 2A, 1700-284 Lisbon, Portugal
CEG-IST, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1040-001 Lisbon, Portugal
University of New England, Armidale NSW 2350, Australia
CEFAGE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
For correspondence.
Academic Editor:
Highlights of Sustainability, 2024, 3(1), 84–103.
Received: 7 November 2023    Accepted: 31 January 2024    Published: 27 February 2024
This study utilizes benchmarking techniques to monitor productivity change in relation to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 1, 8, and 9, addressing the challenges faced by countries in interpreting measures. The first SDG 1, “No Poverty”, aims to completely eliminate poverty. The objective of SDG 8, “Decent Work and Economic Growth”, is to foster comprehensive economic advancement. Finally, SDG 9, “Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure”, focuses on the creation of durable and sustainable infrastructure, as well as promoting innovation to drive economic progress. Economic development, job creation, wealth creation, and poverty eradication are crucial for sustainable development. However, there is no other study estimating the evolution of countries’ performance in terms of these SDGs, whether countries have converged or not, and how each of these SDGs contributes to this performance development. This is the main goal of the present study, which compares 85 countries (2010–2020) from different profiles (developing, emerging, and developed) in terms of several SDG indicators. We applied data envelopment analysis (DEA) and Malmquist productivity indices that quantify changes in efficiency and technology over time to assess productivity dynamics and improvements. Results showed that emerging countries showed the highest productivity development, followed by developing countries and finally developed countries. The slower productivity development in developed countries indicates stagnation, allowing emerging countries to converge in terms of wealth creation, distribution, and poverty reduction.
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Copyright © 2024 Delgado et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use and distribution provided that the original work is properly cited.
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Cite this Article
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