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Achieving Sustainability: Energy and Emission Metrics in the European Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Romania’s Fossil Fuel-dependent Transportation

George-Cornel Dumitrescu
The Institute for World Economy, The Romanian Academy, Bucharest 050711, Romania
Highlights of Sustainability, 2024, 3(1), 76–83.
Received: 30 September 2023    Accepted: 8 February 2024    Published: 14 February 2024
This article is part of the Special Issue Green Economic Growth and Energy Consumption.
Given the transport sector’s significant contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions and pollution, sustainable transportation is essential in mitigating climate change and environmental degradation. This study examines the final energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions from fuel combustion in the transport sector of the European Union (EU), Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Poland, and Romania. It aims to offer a concrete tool for assessing the impact of transport on emissions by employing a quantitative analysis and ordinary least squares (OLS) models. Only the EU, Hungary and Romania’s results met the assumptions necessary for a valid linear regression model, thus elucidating the complex relationships between the analysed indicators.
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Copyright © 2024 Dumitrescu. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use and distribution provided that the original work is properly cited.
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Cite this Article
Dumitrescu, G.-C. (2024). Achieving Sustainability: Energy and Emission Metrics in the European Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Romania’s Fossil Fuel-dependent Transportation. Highlights of Sustainability, 3(1), 76–83.
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